Submitted by Yanina Valdez, Argentina
What is the difference between direct and indirect approaches to speaking?
Professor Richards Responds:
An indirect approach to the teaching of speaking is one in which oral competence is acquired incidentally as a bi-product of engaging in communicative tasks. No specific aspects of speaking may be targeted. A direct approach is one in which specific aspects of speaking (e.g. turn taking, back-channeling) are targeted through focused instruction directed at these features.